... with a hand saw in construction of workbench components. The
method I use is well known and used for centuries and it is the
way I was taught by Bruce Debo in the 1960's after he observed
my struggles in cutting a perfectly square end on a board.
This method is just as true as a big miter box but requires only
four simple tools, a very sharp bench knife, an equally sharp
chisel, a square, and a backsaw. If you clean off the saw marks,
you will need a low-angle plane too.
This method produces a perfectly square cutoff every time and
reduces anxiety when sawing. I know this is very basic but lots
of members of this group are beginners and may not have heard of
this method. It works at all scales and can be use on big
timbers sawn with a 2-man crosscut saw.
These are the four tools you will need.
First, make sure your stock is perfectly true on all sides.
With the square in place, use the bench knife to scribe a deep
slit for a line. Layout with a pencil is far from precision and
sawing errors can be made attempting to saw along a pencil line.
Next, on the waste side of the line, remove shaving the entire
length of the line.
After removal of the shaving it should look like this, an
slanting toward the scribed line.