In order to achieve a rich brown color for the helve, I used
a wood dye that is water based.
This photo shows the freshly dyed helve.
The dye dried quickly and I then saturated the wood with an oil
Next I prepared the end of the handle to receive a poplar wedge.
This photo shows the wedge driven part way in as a test.
I sharpened the cutting edge with a diamond file and honed
it to completion with an axe stone.