Since the beginning of my research work on saws I was interested
in finding out more info about grindstones used in sawmaking
specifically and in toolmaking in general. But it seem like this
subject was always a second priority and I never really started
any work on that.
Today, as I was looking for some more info on Geo. H. Bishop and
his sawmaking business, I run into a little booklet about Ohio,
written by Stella S. Wilson in 1902. She was a head of the
Science Department of the Central High School in Columbus, Ohio.
It appears that the booklet is a supplementary instruction guide
for teachers of geography at high schools. As I was browsing
through it, the picture of huge grindstones caught my eye...
Looks like I will be working on this industry in the near
John Baldwin founded the grindstone industry and town of
He produced the grindstones that made the town famous as a
"Grindstone Capital of the World".
Sandstone is found east of a line drawn from
Erie County in the north to Adams County in the south. There
are many uses for sandstone; when the strata are thick and
the stone comes out in large blocks, it is used for all
kinds of building purposes.
In Lorain and Cuyahoga counties are some of the best
sandstone quarries in the United States. The stone is called
"Berea Grit," from Berea, where there is a very important
Sandstone quarry in Berea, OH. The
stone is cut out with saws.
The stone in this quarry is from 65 to 75
feet in thickness, and has been quarried to a depth of 40
feet; it has been used in making some of the finest public
buildings in New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Chicago, and
Boston, and in some of the large cities of Canada. The
Canadian Parliament House is made of Berea stone.
The thinner strata of sandstone, if taken
out in large slabs, are used for flagging and for paving
blocks. Near Warren is a flagstone quarry. If the stone has
a fine, even grain it is used for grindstones and
whetstones. Suitable stone for both these purposes is also
found at Berea, and the largest grindstone factory in the
world is situated there.
Berea, OH - The largest grindstone factory in the world.
Grindstones from this factory are shipped to
all parts of the civilized world. Some of those in the
picture were being made to send to Russia. Some of the
purest sandstone is ground up, and put with limestone and
soda to form glass.
Near Newark there is a fine glass sand. Some
of the places where sandstone is produced in quantities
large enough for shipping are: Berea, Amherst, Akron, and
Massillon, in the north, Zanesville and Lancaster, in the
interior, and on the Ohio River, Buena Vista, Steubenville
and Portsmouth. Cuyahoga County is the most important quarry
district in the United States.